Low Back Pain
Low Back Pain is the most common presentation in a typical Physiotherapy clinic and most other allied health professions. It ranks second only to upper respiratory infections as the main cause for presentation to a Dr. and for sick leave/ lost work productivity.
In most patients low back pain is a symptom, not a specific disease. Low back pain is usually described as discomfort in the lumbosacral region (lower portion) of the back that may or may not radiate to the legs, hips, and buttocks. The pain may be due to a variety of causes, and many individuals’ cases show large variation in behaviour and presentation. A small percentage may have a serious disease unrelated to the back.
Although low back pain may be caused by medical conditions such as infection or cancer, the vast majority of low back pain cases are attributed to mechanical or musculoskeletal conditions. These conditions may include the more common postural syndromes, lumbosacral muscle and ligament strains and sprains or the more serious disorders of the intervertebral discs and associated joints such as degeneration (spondylosis); degeneration that narrows the space through which spinal nerves pass (spinal stenosis); disc displacement (herniation of a disc); disorders of the vertebral body, such as slippage (spondylolisthesis) or fracture; or structural deformities, such as scoliosis. This section will focus on mechanical and musculoskeletal conditions that cause low back pain.
We CAN Help!
Your Physio at OFP will be able to determine the likely cause of your Low back pain from your history and physical examination and most patients will recover fully from a short course of physiotherapy. We are also highly skilled in determining whether the cause of your low back pain is mechanical in origin which means we will be able to fix it or flag those causes which are beyond the normal scope and we will then likely send you for tests such as X-rays, MRI scans etc and may recommend other health professionals get involved to find the exact cause of your symptoms if it is chronic or severe.
Call one of our Friendly staff today on 3470 1203 to experience healthcare that cares and get that back sorted!
DID YOU KNOW?
Although common at any age, low back pain typically occurs most frequently between 30 and 40 years of age, when self –care and time for exercise may be low and work demands high. Surprisingly however, the first episode or onset can often be late teens or early 20’s, likely due to prolonged study postures, weighty backpacks and incorrect posture while using video games and computers. Stress, depression and overall deconditioning are all major factors contributing to low back pain. The likelihood of having low back pain increases with age, however, added stress to the back from any cause such as obesity, pregnancy, or unnatural curvature or disease of the spine can increase the risk for back pain. Occupational risk factors include lifting objects while twisting or without properly bending the legs, heavy pushing or pulling, and vibrational stresses. A family history may predispose individuals to some causes of back pain, such as degenerative disc disease.